2018

May 6 (11 days
ago) 



Dear All,
I have now
produced a graphical interpretation of Wakefield 3 experiment in terms of
"Catt's travelling pulses". The picture is attached.
It's better
to see this picture together with the one I sent yesterday.
According to my
understanding of the Catt theory, in every point of the TL we always have a
superposition of two energy current levels, called
"travelling pulses" by Ivor. One is travelling left and the
other is travelling right. The length of such pulses is always 2T (twice the
length of the TL). The height of the pulse is always 4V. When a pulse faces LHS
(open circuit) it is reflected with coefficient +1 (basically duplicated),
when a pulse faces RHS (short circuit) it is reflected with coefficient 1
(basically inverted).
My
understanding of the Catt theory in relation to its explanation
of the waveforms of signals in TL is that Catt theory takes such
travelling pulses as a basis of elementary blocks and each waveform is a
superposition of these blocks. According to Catt theory this is the most
natural (Occam's Razor principle) way of seeing the
world of pulseswitching behaviour, as the only postulate we have is that in
every point in space we have energy current travelling with light velocity.
Pulses are shaped in duration by length in geometry of the medium and
conducting plates, and in amplitude they are determined by batteries and the
state of terminal points (opens, shorts).
Conventional
TL theory, in order to explain these behaviours, requires to introduce telegraph equations, with concepts of voltage
and current etc, and according to Ivor is more
convoluted and divorced from reality.
I could
also extrapolate my understanding of the ramifications of Catt theory with
regards to explaining electromagnetic circuits. Catt theory proposes to use
travelling pulses as a basis for representing complex waveforms. In linear
systems, people widely used harmonics as such basis.
Catt
theory's pulses are linked to events, and events have causeeffect
relationships in the points in space where signals are reflected. This works
most effectively in timedomain.
Harmonic
analysis, to the contrary, is not based on events and causality,
it is based on the standing waves and hence operates most efficiently in
frequency domain.
Kind
regards,
Alex
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The above is a key document. It calls for exhaustive
comment. I shall add numbering to each sentence.
Dear All,
1 I have now produced a
graphical interpretation of Wakefield 3 experiment in terms of
"Catt's travelling pulses". The picture is attached.
2 It's better to see this picture together with the
one I sent yesterday.
3 According to my
understanding of the Catt theory, in every point of the TL we always have a
superposition of two energy current levels, called "travelling
pulses" by Ivor. One is travelling left and the other is travelling right.
The length of such pulses is always 2T (twice the length of the TL). The height
of the pulse is always 4V. When a pulse faces LHS (open circuit) it is
reflected with coefficient +1 (basically duplicated), when a pulse faces
RHS (short circuit) it is reflected with coefficient 1 (basically inverted).
4 My understanding of the Catt theory in
relation to its explanation of the waveforms of signals in TL is that Catt
theory takes such travelling pulses as a basis of elementary blocks and each
waveform is a superposition of these blocks. According to Catt theory this is
the most natural (Occam's Razor principle) way of
seeing the world of pulseswitching behaviour, as the only postulate we have is
that in every point in space we have energy current travelling with light
velocity. Pulses are shaped in duration by length in geometry of the medium and
conducting plates, and in amplitude they are determined by batteries and the
state of terminal points (opens, shorts).
5 Conventional TL theory, in order to explain
these behaviours, requires to introduce telegraph
equations, with concepts of voltage and current etc,
and according to Ivor is more convoluted and divorced from reality.
6 I could also extrapolate my understanding of the
ramifications of Catt theory with regards to explaining electromagnetic
circuits. Catt theory proposes to use travelling pulses as a basis for
representing complex waveforms. In linear systems, people widely used harmonics
as such basis.
7 Catt theory's pulses are linked to events, and
events have causeeffect relationships in the points in space where signals are
reflected. This works most effectively in timedomain.
8 Harmonic analysis, to the contrary, is not based
on events and causality, it is based on the standing waves and hence operates
most efficiently in frequency domain.
Kind
regards,
Alex
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Speaking generally, all the people in the world who
gain some or all of their salary or reputation from electromagnetic theory are
frightened, feeling inadequate. Their first defence is no comment at all on
fundamentals. Their second line of defence in an extremely difficult position
is to indulge in insult and even defamation and misrepresentation. None of
these people have ever made any comment whatsoever on Wakefield 1, Wakefield 2
or Wakefield 3. What Alex calls “Catt theory” is not a competing theory. It is
the only explanation every offered for the W1 W2 W3 experimental results. “Catt
theory” fills a void. Again with “The Catt Question”, all accredited experts
will do their best to avoid comment. The recent exception was three Florence
professors. http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/x311a.htm
Recent evidence indicates that Oppo,
Tony Davies, John Dore are instrumentalists. “horses
for courses”. So they are indifferent to any internal contradiction within
classical electromagnetism if we can still design and build good aeroplanes and
computers. Thus “The Catt Question” http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/cattq.htm
merits the indifference and if necessary ridicule and misrepresentation is
received from those whose salaries and reputations (and communities) rest
wholly or partly on electromagnetic theory. “There is no Catt’s anomaly” – Oppo in
http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/Oppo_complete.pdf
. http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/x256.pdf
. It is possible that to get onto the Board of Directors of the IEEE it is
necessary to be an instrumentalist. Members will vote for those who help to stabilise
the canon. Their CVs indicate expertise in the ruling canon.
Reading Alex above, 8 sentences, shows me how complex
and difficult electromagnetic theory is. Having been at it for 60 years, far longer
than anyone else, familiarity breeds the idea that it is easy to master,
something which took me many decades – more than half a century..
1
For W3, Alex seems to draw graphs based on the notion that a charged capacitor
does not have a stationary electric field. Thus we have a professor predficting a heretical result from an experiment.
Professors are not allowed to do that, or the whole structure is under threat.
3 On the way, but not quite. Energy is travelling from
right to left, bouncing off the “LHS” and returning towards the right. Then in
a charged capacitor it bounces off the RHS and starts off again towards the
left. The total length of the “energy” is always 2t. Wakefield 3 introduces a
short at the RHS of the capacitor. The energy still reciprocates from left to
right to left as in a “charged capacitor”, but now in W3 it always inverts when
bouncing off the RHS. Thus we have 2t worth of +ve energy
followed by 2t worth of –v followed by 2t worth of +v, round and round and
round. Unlike the charged capacitor, there are now losses. The “electric
currents” do not cancel out, leading to i^{2}r current loss.
4 O.K.
Of course, think of a steady signal (a step) travelling down a transmission at
the speed of light. When it hits an open circuit it reflects, so that in the
last little bit there iss energy travelling in both
directions. That is the basic building block of this Catt attitude. Signals
reflecting at an open circuit (or in the case of light, in a mirror) are not
revolutionary.
5
This illustrates a fundamental problem. Catt was prevented from publishing peer
reviewed for fifty years. He poublished extensively nonp;eer reviewed, but respectes experts are respected because they never read non
peer reviewed. Some of the Catt ideas do not link with other Catt ideas, but
some do. Wakefield 3 does not relate to sentence 5.
6 O.K.
7 I don’t know what an
event is. Here we get into unconnected territory, “The Heaviside signal”. http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/2604.htm
8 In all his bookd and articles, the sine wave more or less never
appears, except under attack.