Tek 109 pulse generator
In the end, the Tektronix 109 Reed Relay Pulse Generator was not used
Experimental proof that the “Steady Charged Capacitor” is not steady at all. Continually, energy reciprocates from end to end at the speed of light.
24/9/12 I expect the results will be ignored by all accredited experts - professors and text book writers It is no longer possible for an established paradigm to be affected by experimental results.
Tony Wakefield of Melbourne successfully completed the experiment on 5 May 2012. He achieved the predicted results C B A. I have the photographs which he sent to me from Australia. Here they are with a discussion.
It is clear from these photographs that the “steady charged capacitor” is not steady at all. Half the energy is travelling to the right at the speed of light (for the dielectric) and half is travelling to the left. When we connect a coaxial cable to the right hand end, the energy which was travelling to the right exits first, but the energy travelling in the wrong direction, to the left, first goes to the left hand end, then reflects, and only then follows the first half out into the attached coaxial cable. Thus, the pulse emitted is half the amplitude to which the “steady charged capacitor” was charged, and the pulse is twice the length of the charged capacitor.
We are driving towards the principle that
Energy (current) E x H cannot stand still; it can only travel at the speed of light.
Any apparently steady field is a combination of two energy currents travelling in opposite directions at the speed of light.
Ivor Catt 6 May 2012
Death of Electric Current from the 1980s. This result was already predicted.
I agree, absolutely correct. – Harry Ricker. (re below.)
From: Ivor Catt <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Here was the start of this document in April 2012.
This is the start of a series of web pages discussing the "definitive experiment" which will prove a lesser theory of Catt, that a "steady charged capacitor" does not have stationary field. This is distinct from his more important "Theory C".   .
Instruction Manual. Type 109 Pulse Generator. Contains the important information that the output pulse is half amplitude double length.
Instruction Manual. Type 109 Pulse Generator. Tektronix Inc.
p2-2 "The output pulse duration is equal to twice the transit time of the charge line used, plus a small built-in charge time due to the lead length from the GR panel connectors to the mercury switch contact point.
The transit time of the cable is defined as the time required for a signal to pass from one end of the line to the other. For a 10-nsec charge line then, the duration of the output pulse would be 20 nanoseconds
p2-3 "The pulse amplitude obtained will be approximately one-half the power source voltage .... "
A length of 50 ohm coaxial cable is slowly charged up to v from a voltage supply via a large resistor. It is then suddenly discharged by closure of a reed relay into a 50 ohm cable. The result is a double length, half amplitude pulse.
It seems that since 1963, 46 years ago, only Catt noticed the significance of the half size double length pulse. This must surely have led to his propounding that;
Today 5 June 2009 I have just realised that we can do another experiment (to add to experiments EEB, with battery, electrolysis, electroplating, where a very long EEB is used and we monitor the output from it in the first few nanoseconds after switch-on).
The new experiment is to set up a Tek 109 with a 40 nsec charging line, but introduce monitor points every 10 nsec along the line into a sampling scope. We will then see the clean way in which the charged voltage, say 10v, drops to 5v at the appropriate moment when the first part of the output pule has gone past to the right but the second part, travelling in the opposite direction, is still present. That is, first of all we will see 10v and then for a period we will see 5v, then 0v. The Establishment will have to resist the obvious conclusion, that before the reed relay was closed, half of the energy in the cable was travelling to the right, and the other half to the left. Nothing was ever stationary.
[However, see a further development at http://www.ivorcatt.co.uk/96511.htm . Instead of probing the 40 nsec coax, insert a 100 ohm resistor in the inner conductor half way along the 40 nsec. Then look at the waveform emitted from the 40 nsec cable. Ivor Catt 28 July 2009.]
Ivor Catt 5 June 2009
[24 July 2009. The experiment is even more conclusive if we dig into the very long coax into which the pulse is delivered at two or three 10 nsec intervals, and photograph the waveforms there as well. I. Catt]
Voltage at each point in the cable at intervals of 10 nsec. Location of each segment of TEM Wave (or energy current) is placed according to the Catt theory. Note that the energy is already moving before the switch closes.
I only thought of this experiment minutes ago, and had not thought through
its full significance.
It would be difficult to counter the obvious conclusion that 5v was travelling to the right, and 5v to the left. It might of course be easier, but still difficult, to counter the conclusion that even before the reed relay was closed, 5v was travelling to the right and 5v to the left.
Of course, we know that entrenched academics and text book writers will
not counter it, but ignore it.
Late evening 5 June 2009
I now realise that the proposed experiment is more conclusive than I thought a few hours ago.
As I said before, we will have a series of voltage monitoring points along the length of the 40 nsec piece of coax which is charged up. According to the model which will be proved, a portion (half) of the energy current present in the first sector nearest to the reed relay will have exited first, so the remaining voltage there will be 5v instead of the previous 10v. At that moment, the voltage in the main portion of the 40nsec cable will still be 10v. Then in the next short period of 10nsec, a further segment of the 40nsec cable will deplete from 10v to 5v. We will then follow a 5v step travelling to the left receding from the exit, reed relay point. That is, astep down from 10v to 5v will recede away from the exit reed relay point, above a steady 5v travelling to the right. It will become obvious that energy current ExH is receding away from the exit point, the amplitude of the receding energy current being 5v. We will then have established the crucial point, that when the reed relay closes, energy current receded away from the newly available exit point.
This seems to be a key experiment which will confirm that energy current ( = ExH = Poynting Vector ) cannot stand still. It can only travel at the speed of light. An apparently steady charged piece of coaxial cable ( = capacitor) thought to have stationary charge on the conductors and steady E field between is actually all electromagnetic, not electric, field travelling reciprocally at the speed of light. The apparent proof by this experiment that energy travels away from the newly appearing exit point from the cable ( = capacitor) is compelling.