More on Censorship.
Professor Post, and in another way John D, appreciate my work but will have been shielded from the key 1976 breakthrough for good reasons which are however unfortunate for someone in their position. The objective of this document is to try to give them a clear direct route to the new theory. The work done by Forrest in putting animations and my key books on the www will be helpful in this, as will the books I have uploaded myself.
A good start is to go to Forrest's animations
Begin with PULSEGENb.avi (May 21, 2006)
Same picture as in SWITCH CLOSE.avi with more details. A TEM pulse is generated when two (or one) switches close and reopen. A ‘battery’ (a cell, that is) composed of only two plates is shown for simplicity.
The animation is repeated from another point of view; fieldtest3.avi ; Open both animations and run them. Note that they can be magnified. This is the pulse discussed in Figures 4 and 5 of "Electromagnetism 1" , except that in the Figures, the pulse is very long, and continues to come.
The pulse, or step, is the starting point for the new Theory of Electromagnetism.
It is at this point that a distinction must be made between two distinct objectives.
1. Understanding. Trying to grasp the principles, or concepts, underlying Theory C and its implications, and
2. Justification. Trying to make a judgement on its validity.
Catt on 27 May 1976. Transcribed text , Page 1 , End of Page 1 ; Page 2 , Page 3 , Page 4 , Page 5 , Page 6 , Page 7 , Page 8 , Page 9 , Page 10 , Page 11 , Page 12 , Page 13 , Page 14 , Page 15 , Page 16
The Primitive in the universe is what Heaviside called "Energy Current". It travels at one speed only, +/- 300,000 Km/sec. It can go no slower, and in particular energy cannot stand still. The space it travels through is absolute space. (Much like "the preferred frame of reference".) There is no "relativity", where one frame is much like another. Space is absolute.
Energy Current (ExH) can be deflected - its direction changed. By this means, more and more complex arrays of energy current appear in our universe. A simple example is the crystal, which is made up of a uniform array of trapped energy currents - trapped because continually deflected so that a closed, stable system results. See Figure 20, where such a construction is attempted.
Energy Current travels at the speed of light, so that a wafer of energy current has no information as to the density of energy current in the next minimally thick surface of energy current travelling immediately ahead of it or that immediately behind it (or whether it is the only advancing wafer of energy density). The fundamental building block when building a universe composed entirely of energy current is the surface of energy current travelling at the speed of light in a direction normal to its area. Because there is no instantaneous action at a distance, so that this Primitive must have no thiuckness in the direction of travel, the fundamental element from which our complex universe is constructed is a vanishingly thin wafer of energy current in the classic "in the limit" sense of the calculus.
Travelling in the forward direction, energy current has two further dimensions traditionally called an electric field and a magnetic field. However, these are merely two aspects of our Primitive. Much as the width of a brick and its length co-exist, and both have to exist if the brick is going to exist, so with the lateral electric and magnetic fields. Thus, energy current has two finite dimensions and an infinitesimally thin third dimensions. The Energy current Primitive, a wafer approaching zero thickness, has energy density, not energy. Energy is computed by summing these wafers of energy current, again in the classic sense of the integral calculus. - IC 8.07
Interacting TEM Waves . When two wafers of energy current collide, for instance one travelling east and the other west, the result is well understood. They pass through each other without interaction, except for the following.
If two voltage positive waves of energy current are guided by two conductors, one conductor on each side, then there is a momentary physical force of attraction between the two conductors. (See my letter in "Wireless World", February 1985 ; 1 and 2 , and also 2001 and 2004 , search for "force") If, however, they are of opposite polarity, there is a momentary force of repulsion between the two guiding conductors. This is the path towards linking electromagnetism with gravity.
We have no information as to how two energy currents interact if they collide at other than 180 degrees - for instance from the east and from the west. This calls for experimentation.
When energy current guided by two conductors collides with a terminating conductor, (or mirror,) the energy current reflects with inversion of its E dimension. A force results in the terminating short/conductor which follows the law e=mc2.
My www document "Derivation of e=mc2" is imperfect, but seems to create the formula from classical electromagnetic theory.
In around 1965, I created a ring made up of one high speed (1.35nsec) inverting ECL logic gate, some fat coaxial cable, and what was called a "trombone". The trombone was a piece of coaxial "cable" about half a metre long whose length could be varied, like a trombone. Documentation discussed vswr, but from our point of view the characteristic impedance down the trombone is very cosistent. This is because the Zo of a coaxial cable depends on the ratio of the two radii involved. Thus, a thick section can slide over a thinner section. Zo is very consistent if there is good contact at the end of the thicker section where it connects, and hands over to, the thinner section.
A single step travelled round the ring, inverting each time it reached the logic gate. The delay through the whole ring was about 10 nsec, so the period of the square wave was 20 nsec., with a 50% duty cycle, or 1 to 1 mark-space ratio.
I looked at the resulting waveform on a Tektronix 661 Sampling Oscilloscope with a 4S1(100psec) or 4S2 plug-in. As I changed the length of the trombone, the frequency of the square wave varied to suit.
I studied, and also opened up and carefully studied the sampling system of the sampling scope.
It was clear that what I was seeing was real. I was watching a voltage step travelling unchanged down the cable. It was then inverted by the logic gate, and its inverse sent down the cable. The sequence was then repeated. This was the seminal experiment which convinced me of the physical reality of the TEM Wave. Heaviside called it "Energy Current". Using a broad application of Occam's Razor, it then behoves me to construct as much as I can of the perceived physical universe out of such TEM Waves, or "Energy Current".
In the November 1979 and November 1980 issues of "Wireless World", my co-author Dr. D. S. Walton replied to Professor Bell's August 1979 article; "No radio without displacement current", which sought to contradict our December 1978 and March 1979 articles on Displacement Current. Walton is here . Bell's claim that he had not read our articles was false.
The solution to the conundrum, that Bell claims he was not replying in August 1979 to the Catt article of December 1978, is that the way the Establishment replies to a new theory is to restate the old theory, and so his claim arises out of semantic ambiguity.
Bell refused to give me permission to republish his article in my book "Death of Electric Current", see p60.
[nov79] " .... Aristotelians believed that a force was necessary to keep bodies in motion and that, in the absence of this force, the motion would cease..... air, displaced from ahead of the spear, rushed to the rear and generated the requisite force - the theory was saved. .... " - Walton.
Compare with Kip ; " .... E gives rise to a similar time and space variation of H (but at right angles to E) and that this H variation acts back to cause the postulated variation of E. Thus, once such a wave is initiated, it is self-propagating."
A fuller version of Walton is as follows;
" .... Aristotelians believed that a force was necessary to keep bodies in motion and that, in the absence of this force, the motion would cease. This theory led them into certain difficulties. For instance a spear, once thrown, appeared to continue to move without a force being present. The philosophers rose to this challenge magnificently with the theory that air, displaced from ahead of the sphere, rushed to the rear and generated the requisite force - the theory was saved. Unfortunately they missed the simple point first noted by Newton, that it is in the nature of a moving body to continue to move.
"In the same way I fear that Maxwell invented a complex explanation for a very simple phenomenon, i.e. that electromagnetic radiation, or energy current, moves at the speed of light - and that's all. No mechanism invoking E producing H and H, in return, producing E is required." - Walton
Had the air displaced from the front of the body merely proceeded to suck forward the body which displaced it, the explanation would appear (more) patently absurd. This is why the relative phases of E and H in a TEM Wave have to be suppressed, or at least confused, so that few lecturers are sure. The truth is that E and H are in phase with each other, making it very difficult to cope with the idea that they cause each other. If they did, they would surely be out of phase with each other. However, even were they out of phase, as some vaguely believe, "Mathverse" indicates that problems would remain, because a complete cycle is 360 degrees, not 180.
The Answer to The Ultimate Question Of Life, the Universe and Everything is a theoretical solution in Douglas Adams' book series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. The "Answer" is simply "42". In the story, the Answer to the Ultimate Question about Life, the Universe, and Everything is produced using the hypercomputer Deep Thought. It generated the Answer after a very long computation time (7.5 million years)
Jackson is the leading text book used in American universities. J D Jackson, "Classical Electrodynamics", pub. Wiley 1962/1975, p341; "… we take note of a degenerate or special type of solution, called the …. TEM wave. …. axial wave number …. ". Then follows some bizarre mathematics. His feeling is that it is a great shame that the final destination of such complex, ingenious mathematical manipulation is so simple . Why did these gents never wonder why all the clever stuff led to so little? They ignore my discovery that the same equations can be mathematically derived from two thick short planks moving forward side by side at constant velocity - a similar situation with little content, and minimal legitimate mathematical manipulation.
It is near impossible to explain the following point by considering Maxwell's Equations as usually written, they are made to be so complex. However, buried in the complexity of one of them is the assertion that electric flux terminates on electric charge - Gauss's Law. Before Wikipedia proceeds to make a banquet rather than merely a meal of it, it gives quite a clear statement of the law;
In physics and mathematical analysis, Gauss's law is the electrostatic application of the generalized Gauss's theorem giving the equivalence relation between any flux, e.g. of liquids, electric or gravitational, flowing out of any closed surface and the result of inner sources and sinks, such as electric charges or masses enclosed within the closed surface. Try to grasp that this means that if a region has a varying electric field, it must contain electric charge. Perhaps the clearest example is that of a conducting sphere containing electric charge. According to Gauss's Law, electric flux must be emitted from that sphere. The amount of flux is equal to the amount of charge on the sphere. Is the electric flux an expression of, or emanation from, the electric charge, or vice versa? In the case of a plateau, the slope at its edge is only an expression of the amount of earth in each region. The slope does not have another physical content compared with the plateau. They are both made of earth. In particular, the slope merely represents a diminishing amount of earth. Electric charge represents diminishing flux density. Does it represent more than that? It certainly represents a problem, see “ The Catt Question “. Note that if electric charge lacked mass, "The Catt Question" would cease to be a problem. Note that dE/dx is never claimed to have mass, yet the electric charge that it is thought to represent does.
The slope of a hill does not exist. Only the plateau above exists. They are both made up of the same material.
Actually, not even the plateau exists. All that exists is earth. It would be wrong to attribute different physical nature to material merely because it made up a slope rather than a plateau.
Here are some quotations.
Although a cloud cannot exist without edges, the edges of a cloud do not exist. They have no width, volume, or materiality. However, the edges of a cloud can be drawn. Their shapes can be manipulated graphically and mathematically. The same is true of the so-called ‘electric current’.
Half of the primitives in electromagnetic theory disappear, and it ceases to be a dualistic theory. Rho [charge density] and J [electric current] disappear, becoming merely the physically non-existent results of the mathematical manipulation of E and H
Before the spring cleaning implicit in "Theory C", electromagnetic theory remains the only dualistic theory, out of kilter when compared with other 19th and 20th century theories. Such spring cleaning is requested by Occam's Razor.
The Single Velocity Universe
Now we move to the next matter, the Single Velocity Universe. Considerations of energy conservation lead to the conclusion that the ratio of E to H is controlled by the permittivity and permeability of the space traversed. Also, the velocity of propagation of a TEM Wave is controlled by the permittivity and permeability of the space traversed. It follows that, if everything is composed of TEM Waves, then everything must travel at this velocity, c, 300,000. The conundrum that many things, almost all things, seem to travel slower is dealt with by saying such things travel on an eccentric path. See pp247 , 248 etc. Also see attempts to design trapped Energy Currents, at The electron and The Crystal.
Since I am convinced that I saw the TEM Wave, "The Heaviside Signal" "slab of energy current" version, not "The Rolling Wave" version, then Occam's Razor requires that I construct as much as possible of the known physical reality out of it. Now the TEM Wave is extremely versatile. Add to this the fact that I have no comprehension of the so-called "particle", because it has never been defined to my satisfaction, I am even more pressed to construct out of the TEM Wave, including trying to construct something which resembles the particle, as far as one can discern what "the particle" is thought to be. This effort is at The electron and The Crystal. .
Even e=mc2 seems to some out of the TEM Wave in classical electromagnetism; see my web page; "It follows that energy W = mc2. This formula, usually written e=mc2, is claimed for Poincare and later for Einstein. Here it is derived from the TEM wave in a transmission line, using only classical electromagnetic theory (Theory N)."